In some cases, families arrange for an introduction between potential spouses; if they are compatible, the two may choose to continue with a period of courtship.

This pattern, more common among urban educated youth, results in a longer period, on average, between meeting and marriage, as well as a later marriage age.

People look to their kin for day-to-day sociability, for hospitality in other villages, for help in trouble, for cooperation in weddings and funerals, and for aid in urban migration, in finding jobs, and in getting official favours.

It has also meant that many village households have uprooted themselves and moved to towns and cities, greatly increasing the urban population.

At the same time, through political and administrative pressure and greater efficiency, secularization and modernization have increasingly pervaded the rural areas and small towns.

Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria Capital: Ankara Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior Population: 82 million (2019 est.) Ethnic Make-up: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated) Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews) Government: republican parliamentary democracy The official language, Turkish, is the first language spoken by 90% of the 63m population.

Minority languages include Kurdish, spoken by 6% of the population.

The former high death rate among adult men, the lack of living sons, and, very rarely, quarrels between generations made these large households a minority of all households at any one time.

Thus, although most villagers probably lived some part of their lives in such a household, most village households at any given time contained only parents and children, with perhaps other random relatives.Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening.The exact time is listed in the local newspaper each day.Friday is the Muslim holy day although this is not practised in Turkey.However, most males will attend the congregational afternoon prayer.Change in Turkish society—which, as in many other developing countries, includes growth in population, communication, production, urbanization, and administration and education—has been rapid, complex, and extremely uneven.